The Practice and Revelation of Monitoring, Reporting and Verification System Construction in the Carbon Emissions Trading Pilots in China
Zeng Xuelan，Li Weichi and Zhang Wuying
摘要：碳交易是为促进全球温室气体减排、 减少全球二氧化碳排放所采用的有效市场机制， 其中的碳交易MRV体系是实行碳交易制度、 企业低碳转型及制定低碳发展政策的基础支撑。由于我国各碳交易试点在实践过程中面临的问题各异， 其MRV体系呈现不同的规则和特点， 对未来全国性碳市场构建具有重要的借鉴意义。本文重点介绍了国内MRV体系的建设情况， 总结了各碳交易试点MRV体系在政策法规、报告内容及核查制度上的创新实践。针对国家建设全国性碳交易市场的目标， 在分析各交易试点MRV体系建设现状的基础上， 提出构建全国MRV体系应该健全政策法规体系、 建立MRV体制优化机制， 同时充分发挥市场力量， 建立可持续的MRV核查制度。
Abstract: Carbon trading is the market mechanism adopted for promoting the reduction of global greenhouse gas emission, especially the reduction of carbon dioxide emission. And carbon emissions Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system is the foundation of emissions trading scheme, low carbon economy and low carbon development policy. As the domestic pilot sites of carbon emission trading facing different problems during practice, their MRV systems have presented diverse regulations and characteristics, which has important reference meanings to the construction of national carbon emission trading market. This passage gave a priority introduction to the MRV systems in local trading pilots of carbon emissions trading. Meanwhile the operating experience in policies and regulations, report content and verification system of different MRV systems was also summarized. In view of the construction of national carbon trading market and MRV system, the paper put forward a few suggestions based on the analysis of MRV system in trading pilots: enriching the sound system of regulations and policy content, setting up system optimization mechanism, and giving full play to the role of market forces to establish a sustainable verification system.
Keywords: MRV；Carbon Emissions；Emissions Trading